When Congress passed the Equal Rights Amendment, why didn't they include the time limit n the amendment itself?

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The Politicus
Apr 26, 2022 03:57 AM 0 Answers
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The Equal Rights Amendment was passed by Congress in 1982 and submitted to the states for ratification. Congress imposed (or tried to impose?) a 7-year time limit on ratification.

There was precedent for such a time limit. Each of the 18th, 20th, 21st, and 22nd Amendments included a like this:

This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several states within seven years from the date of its submission to the states by the Congress.

(the 21st said "conventions" rather than "legislatures"), and at least one other proposed amendment included a similar section.

But the ERA's time limit was in the resolution that introduced it, not in the amendment itself. (I believe this raises some questions about the validity of the deadline, but I'm not asking about that here.)

Apparently Martha Griffiths was the author of the resolution.

Why was the time limit written as part of the resolution rather than as part of the amendment itself, as had been done for five previous proposed amendments?

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