NIMBY (an acronym for the phrase "Not In My Back Yard"), or Nimby (as
a word, instead of an acronym), is a pejorative characterization of
opposition by residents to a proposal for a new development because it
is close to them (or, in some cases, because the development involves
controversial or potentially dangerous technology) often with the
connotation that such residents believe that the developments are
needed in society but should be further away. The residents are often
called Nimbys and their state of mind is called Nimbyism.
Are there cities/countries which successfully deal with this problem, without violating basic principles of democracy? E.g. perhaps some countries delegate controversial projects to a vote by the state legislature, rather than allowing the city residents to vote directly?