What kind of a temporary no-fly zone would be the most optimal to prevent civilian deaths, injuries and damage to civilian houses in Ukraine?
Specifically, a no-fly zone could be enforced by NATO, either:
(a) by NATO alone, or
(b) by NATO in combination with the Russian Federation.
For (b) to work, we need Russian President Vladimir Putin to be persuaded to negotiate and then enforce a no-fly zone)
Damages to civilian houses:
- Or just Google:
ukraine bombed, e.g., here.
Current discussions of a no-fly zone:
Republican Senator Roger Wicker is advocating that the U.S. impose a no-fly-zone over Ukraine, a scenario that would likely require American pilots to engage directly with Russian fighter jets, escalating the crisis from a regional to a potentially global conflict.
Republican Senator Urges U.S. to Impose No-Fly-Zone over Ukraine. By Caroline Downey, March 1, 2022 8:31 AM: https://www.nationalreview.com/news/republican-senator-urges-u-s-to-impose-no-fly-zone-over-ukraine/
The United States has ruled out enforcing a “no-fly zone” on Russian aircraft over Ukraine after Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy urged Western nations to consider such a measure to stop any further bombardment by Russia.
In a video address, Zelenskyy said Russia had launched 56 rocket strikes and fired 113 cruise missiles in the past five days since the start of the war on February 24.
US rules out Ukraine no-fly zone after Zelenskyy appeal. 1 Mar 2022. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2022/3/1/us-rules-out-ukraine-no-fly-zone-after-zelenskyy-appeal
WASHINGTON, Feb 28 (Reuters) - The White House on Monday reacted coolly to a proposal by Ukrainian President Volodymr Zelenskiy for a no-fly zone for Russian flights over Ukraine, saying U.S. participation in such a move would be tantamount to a direct conflict with Moscow, which Washington does not want.
White House spokesperson Jen Psaki told reporters that implementing a no-fly zone would be a step toward sending U.S. troops to fight Russia, whose forces began a full-scale invasion of Ukraine on Feb. 24. read more
"A no-fly zone would require implementation," she said, adding it would require "deploying U.S. military to enforce, which would be ... potentially a direct conflict, and potentially a war with Russia, which is something we are not planning to be a part of."
Asked separately about a no-fly zone for Russian flights over the United States, Psaki said nothing was off the table, but she noted that many U.S. airlines fly over Russia to get to Asia and other parts of the world - likely another reason for U.S. reluctance.
"No option is off the table," she said. "We factor in a range of factors."
In a video address, Zelenskiy did not specify how and by whom a no-fly zone would be enforced.
February 28, 2022 5:57 PM EST. White House cool to taking part in no-fly zone for Russia in Ukraine. Reuters. Reporting by Nandita Bose and Jeff Mason Editing by Chris Reese and Grant McCool: https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/white-house-banning-russian-flights-is-not-off-table-no-decision-made-2022-02-28/
A 2004 Stanford University paper published in Journal of Strategic Studies, "Lessons from Iraq and Bosnia on the Theory and Practice of No-fly Zones," reviewed the effectiveness of the air-based campaigns in achieving military objectives. The paper's findings were: 1) A clear, unified command structure is essential. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, during "Operation Deny Flight," a confusing dual-key coordination structure provided inadequate authority and resulted in air forces not being given authority to assist in key situations; 2) To avoid a "perpetual patrol problem," states must know in advance their policy objectives and the exit strategy for no-fly zones; 3) The effectiveness of no-fly zones is highly dependent on regional support. A lack of support from Turkey for the 1996 Iraq no-fly zone ultimately constrained the coalition's ability to effectively enforce it.
Wikipedia: No-fly zone: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No-fly_zone
In the present situation NATO and its member states are very specifically avoiding starting a war with Russia (for example, by placing troops in Ukraine, or creating a no-fly zone).