From a layman's perspective, it seems that the fate of most colonies is to evolve into an independent nation. At least those colonies that are, at a particular point in human technological evolution, too far away.
Looking at recent history in the XIX and XX centuries and back one can find several examples of that. Some colonies that remained so after the advent of commercial aviation and long-distance communications don't seem to be so keen in seeking independence.
For example, the French Guiana, British overseas territories all over the globe (ignoring those who have some or full political independence - that's for anothe question).
In fiction, especially Science Fiction and the mind-boggling distance between Earth and extrasolar colonies, colonial revolt is a ubiquitous trope.
Are there any studies regarding the colonies' tendency to become independent and the factors who lead them to try to break free?