How does NATO Article 11 pertain to Sweden and Finland accession?

The Politicus
Aug 04, 2022 11:32 AM 0 Answers
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There seems widespread consensus that all NATO member states must ratify the accession protocols for Sweden and Finland to join NATO, with the concern that Türkiye might still veto. Article 10 is cited for this. I am, however, somewhat confused about the meaning of Article 11 in this context, and Google is surprisingly silent on the matter. It states

The Treaty shall enter into force between the States which have ratified it as soon as the ratifications of the majority of the signatories, including the ratifications of Belgium, Canada, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States, have been deposited and shall come into effect with respect to other States on the date of the deposit of their ratifications.

To me (no legal background whatsoever), this sounds like the member states which have signed enter the NATO security guarantees amongst each other once a certain threshold has been reached, and leave non-signing NATO members outside that particular arrangement until they join the support for the joining countries. This would basically mean that Türkiye could decide not to stand by Sweden and Finland, but the rest of NATO would. But this does not seem to be the case.

Does Article 11 it only refer to the initial ratification by the founding members? There is a footnote which seems to point in that direction, but I am not certain:

The Treaty came into force on 24 August 1949, after the deposition of the ratifications of all signatory states.

Or does Article 11 mean that the NATO treaty already holds between all member states who have ratified the accession protocols once the threshold in Article 11 is met, even before all other members have agreed? This condition would be satisfied with yesterdays ratification by the US.

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  • August 4, 2022