Does Romania or any other EU country have a criminal law that punishes originating or spreading false information?
It's been said on Euronews that
A misleading Facebook video had suggested that there were no patients at a temporary hospital in the northeastern city of Piatra-Neamț.
Officials at the health centre have told Euronews that the claim is "false" and have called on the authorities to investigate.
Police have said that they are probing the "false news" and are prepared to take "necessary legal measures".
In a statement to Euronews, Romanian regional police confirmed that they have initiated a criminal case.
This would definitely be punishable in China as "picking quarrels and provoking trouble", which has also been applied to "fake news" over there (besides dissidents). But is there any EU country, including Romania, where starting or merely spreading fake news is punishable under criminal law? Does it come under slander? Generally, the latter is usually not a criminal matter...