Did anybody ever discuss the environmental impact of the US residential model?
My doubt was raised by this article by the BBC. It mentions the impact on carbon emissions caused by the US transport system heavily centred on private transport. It mentions the lack of investment in public transport, but it carefully avoids to discuss the real culprit. Investment on private transport is scarce because in low density residential areas it is inefficient. As far as as I know, except for the zones with an above average population density, the cities in the US are modelled on a high density commercial downtown surrounded by low density residential areas. Given how carefully the article avoided to discuss this model I wondered if anybody ever dared to challenge it.
What I wrote above is not the question itself, but the context that raised my doubt. My question is: I would like to know if anyone ever published articles or researches on the environmental impacts of the model, E.G.
- The carbon emissions from the transport system described above as compared to other countries which have more high density residential areas.
- The extra energy required for cooling and heating isolated buildings, more exposed to the weather.
- The extra costs on the infrastructure which forces the utilities and the residents to focus more on the costs and less on environmentally friendly solutions (see the California wildfires).
I am not interested in historical facts or how the US ended up with this model. I would like to know only if there are recent studies or simple articles discussing the current status.
Clarification. I thought it was obvious, but it seems many people did not get it. The population in the US is growing and in many places housing shortage is already acute. A lot of city planners are preparing their work for future expansions. But AFAIK they keep following the high density centre, everything else low density model. Did anyone propose to rethink it? If it ever happened such proposal would need supporting evidence. But is such evidence available? That is why with my question I started from the beginning. Let's see if someone at least to begun to question the accepted model.