Let me clear from the start, I respect other peoples religions based purely on personnel faith and belief just as long as they don’t try and force them upon me or others. I’m not in favour of an imposed group think.
Conspiracy theories and organized religion play upon the same set of emotions.
Anyone who remembers trying to convince the 9-11-truthers of reality knows the same frustration with the constant reply of:-
Prove me wrong!!!
How do you disprove a negative?
The source of the fallacy is the assumption that something is true unless proven otherwise. The person making a negative claim cannot logically prove nonexistence. And here’s why: to know that a X does not exist would require a perfect knowledge of all things (omniscience).
How do you prove something that does not exist, does not in fact exist?
I suppose one could claim infallibility?
The other attraction is that you know something that nobody else knows, everyone loves a secret. This is a powerful tool when conveyed as it gives the target a false sense of importance notwithstanding how many other people “know” which can be used later to bind the faithful together.
The theory must also contain something that plays directly on the emotions e.g. save the children, who could argue with that, that’s where the twist can come in.
QAnon basically takes all the conspiracy theories of the last 60 years as their testament, depending upon how deeply and how you are sucked in, the twist in the tail is modified. This is the dangerous part.
There also must be a grain of truth in your claims, at least at the start e.g. the world favours the rich this can be then twisted into the rich doing whatever the want with their wealth [Epstein] and who is in fact wealthy [Jews]. Then once convinced of a cabal the conspiracy theory world in your oyster.
This theory is at once classically antisemitic and denies climate change. Perfect!!!
The deeper down the rabbit hole you go, the more special you feel, reality does not have a back seat, it is kicked out of the car.
I could go on, but I think the point is made.