Looking Left and Right: Independent Thinking

[P]eople do not arrive at their political positions by directly consulting their values to form a political position. For example, people rely to a great extent on the position of their political party in forming a position, independent of the content of that position. Also, people’s positions are often driven more by their reactions to what an issue symbolizes, even if this does not reflect a dispassionate analysis of the different political or moral values at stake….