“We have to be aware that climate change and biodiversity loss are stress factors for ecosystems, for humans, for animals, and for the microbiome. Our research shows that if the different axes of the disease pyramid are destabilized, new infectious diseases can be expected, including for humans.” Dirk Schmeller, Université de Toulouse
Forests, like the ocean, help keep our climate safe and stable by absorbing carbon dioxide through photosynthesis. The process shows how the forest uses solar energy from the sun and CO2 to feed themselves and to grow. The CO2 gets stored below the ground and above the ground like leaves and needles.
A healthy forest will absorb CO2 and release oxygen into the atmosphere. Terrestrial plants pull 30% of our fossil fuel emissions, according to Monga Bay. They note that “for forests to be good carbon-removal investments, they need to be relatively permanent, meaning that the plants and soil in a forest will absorb carbon and keep it locked away for decades or centuries. What climate change does is exacerbate many of the threats to forest permanence.”
Most of the earth's vast forests teeming with biodiversity are only fragmented now in many parts of the world. Reforestation is seen as a “low cost, high impact solution to climate change.” by many governments. As a result, many nations have begun massive tree-planting campaigns as a carbon drawdown.