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Who is Pericles and its role in the development of Greek culture?


August 12, 2011 by KStonebrew

The famous Athenian statesman Pericles lived in 490-429 years. BC Belonging to an influential aristocratic family, received an excellent education under the guidance of the philosopher Anaxagoras. From the beginning, he joined politics to the middle strata slave-owning democracy, headed at that time Ephialtes - a man, all the forces which wanted to limit the power of the aristocracy. Later, after the death of Ephialtes, Pericles became leader of the Athenian democracy, this time corresponded to the period of its heyday.

Being an outstanding orator, for fifteen years (the period from 444 to 429 BC), Pericles held the position of the first strategy, and the ruler of Athens. In his political career, he fought for the interests of the middle layers of the Athenian demos - merchants, ship owners, owners of shops, small and medium landowners.

During the reign of Pericles had completed the formation of the Athenian state: sovereignty was transferred to the national assembly, there was a de facto abolition of property qualifications and replacement ballot by drawing lots for the election of the majority of officers was introduced payment for public and military service.

The Board of Pericles, it was noted the flowering of culture and art, large-scale construction (Parthenon, propylene, Odeon and others), which gave work to many citizens, the creation of a special fund for distribution to needy citizens money to attend the theater (so-called teorikon), an output of the poor in particular settlements (kleruhii). However, all these measures relate only to full citizens.

In foreign policy, Pericles adopted the principles of strengthening the navy (as a consequence - to establish the hegemony of Athens in Greece Maritime Union and the Mediterranean) and position in the Black Sea coast, the increasing power of Athens over the allies (the suppression of uprisings in Euboea 445 BC, Samos - 440 BC). As a strategist, Pericles, personally supervised a number of military campaigns and expeditions, suppressing attempts by some cities to get out of the Delian League.

The year before death (430 BC), Pericles did not choose a strategist, accused of embezzlement, and imposed a large fine. Despite this, in 429 BC influence of Pericles was restored, and he again became a strategist for the Athenian state. Such a high popularity of Pericles explained by the fact that its policies consistent with the interests of the majority of Athenian citizens offshore company incorporation. However, shortly after returning to the state of Pericles died, presumably from the plague raging in Greece at that time.

Greece when Pericles had reached unprecedented heights of intellectual development, during the reign of this great leader and speaker became known as "Pericles century." Athens became the largest political, economic and cultural center of the Hellenistic world.

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